Mindset is a set of assumptions, methods and notations that a person has. It is about how we approach things in life.
According to Carol Dweck, a leading Stanford psychologist, mindset has a pivotal role in what you want and whether you will achieve it.
There are two broad types of mindset.
In fixed mindset people believe that ability and intelligence is static. “It’s the way it is, it’s the way I am”. They avoid challenge, give up easily, ignore feedback, and see others’ success as a threat. They also focus on trying to look good in the eyes of others, because fixed mindset creates a need for approval from others. In life, they achieve less than full potential.
In growth mindset people believe that ability and intelligence can be developed, and this makes them want to learn. They embrace challenge, are persistent, they learn from criticism, and find inspiration and learning from success of others. As a result, they achieve their full potential.
Mindset plays a critical role in how people approach life and the various challenges that inevitably crop up. Growth mindset leads to increased effort, perseverance and learning, and as a result the person with a growth mindset achieves more.
In practical terms, you can encourage growth mindset by
-praising effort and process, rather than achievement
-think in terms of things you have “not yet” achieved, rather than failed at. “I haven’t passed my exam yet”
-when you fail, fail well and learn for the next time
-when you succeed, reflect on the hard work that led you there
-giving yourself a hard time doesn't work: accept things, practice self-compassion, learn and move on
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